Speaking Test Strategies 3 Building arguments with evidence

Large building under construction
Build a strong argument with evidence.

The previous lesson was about introductions and conclusions; this lesson is about making an argument. This is the body of your answer. It is central to improving your overall score on all speaking tests. It will also help you to become a more powerful speaker in general. 

Introduction: 

Answer these questions:  

  1. What is an argument?
  2. What are the parts of an argument?
  3. How important is argumentation in your speaking test? 
Warm Up: 

Is this a strong answer? Why or why not?

I think Portland, Oregon is the best city in the world. The food is delicious, it’s not too big, it's not too expensive to rent or own a house, and there's lots of entertainment. That's why Portland is the best city!

After discussing the above answer, try giving an answer to the same question: 

In your opinion, which city is the best city in the world?

Language: 

A. What’s the difference between a claim and evidence?

Your teacher will say a sentence, and you tell them if it is a claim or evidence. 

 

B. Now that the difference between claims and evidence is clear, let's discuss evidence more deeply.

There are at least 5 different types of evidence. Can you think of them?

Practice: 

Now answer these questions using effective evidence:

  1. Would you eat food grown in a laboratory? Why or why not?
  2. Can people trust the news?
  3. Are you a good conversationalist?
  4. Will you stay in the area you live in, in the future?