Speaking Test Strategies 18 Adding roll-on effects

looking down a spiral staircase
Go deep into the reasoning

This lesson will focus on adding as many effects as possible to a piece of evidence. Doing this will help you make a logical link between evidence and outcomes. 


During your speaking test, you can be creative when it comes to the effects of your evidence.

Imagine a young student asks, "Why should I study hard?" You might respond by saying:

If you study hard now, then you'll do well on your tests, and you'll likely get into a good university. Then a good education will lead to a good job, and a good job will help you lead a rich, happy life. That's why you should study hard!  

Warm Up: 

Discuss this question with your teacher: 

Describe a moment when your life changed forever.


A. Start with a quick practice making sentences using "if". Your instructor will guide you through a short exercise called, "What will happen if..."


B. Now that you are comfortable using "if", add as many roll-on effects as possible to answer the question from the Warm Up.


Answer these abstract questions, using "if" at least twice in every question. 

  1. Where do you think it's better for children to grow up: in a city, or in a more rural area?
  2. What makes someone a good driver?
  3. How important do you think folklore is in defining cultural identity?