Orientation 2: Active learning & Speaking

Feet of two people walking together with sneakers on
Shadow your teacher often

This lesson uses speaking to teach you how to be more active in your learning. 
 

Introduction: 

Learn actively to communicate fluently. 

What is active learning?

Warm Up: 

Active learning is important. One simple way is shadowing.

  1. What is shadowing?
  2. Discuss two reasons for shadowing.
Language: 

Below are two parts from the Clear Speech textbook, then one from the Pronunciation In Use textbook.

A. Syllables

What is a long word you often use?

You can ask your teacher, "How many syllables are in this word?"

B. Stress

Say the long word again. Pay attention to stress.

You can ask your teacher, "Where is the word stress?"

C. Connected Speech

Put your long word into a sentence. 

When you speak English fluently, words join together. In fact, sounds at the end of a word often move to the beginning of the next word.

You can ask your teacher, "How does this sound?"

Practice: 

After choosing what you learn (remember lesson 1), you need to make an effort to gather new language. Repeat it. Ask about it.

Let's practice.

A. Speaking naturally

Say these words:

  1. comfortable 
  2. interesting

Say these phrases:

  1. Could you say that again?
  2. Could you tell me what that word means?

Think about your life. What are some phrases you often say? Can you say them naturally?

B. Shadowing outside the lesson 

Read the following passage from Erin McKean's TED talk, "Go ahead, make up new words!" 

How would you say it? Where would you put the stress? 

I'm a lexicographer. I make dictionaries. And my job as a lexicographer is to try to put all the words possible into the dictionary. My job is not to decide what a word is; that is your job.

Then watch the section form the video. Note which words she stresses. Note which words join together.

Choose one phrase. Shadow it.

Self-check

In this lesson, you looked at pronunciation textbooks. Pronunciation textbooks help you make a great impression and speak clearly.  

  • Do you often make pronunciation mistakes when you speak?

  • How important is pronunciation for you?

Homework

This is listening and speaking homework. You do not need to submit writing.

  • Find an interesting video.
    • Turn on subtitles.
    • Choose a phrase.
    • Practice shadowing the speaker.
  • Write the text you shadowed.
    • Read it to your next teacher.
  • Ask your teacher how to submit a recording of yourself saying the passage you chose.